IFAW – the International Fund for Animal Welfare – is delighted that the World Trade Organization (WTO) Appellate Body has largely upheld the European Union’s ban on seal products. As in an earlier first instance ruling, the WTO found that moral considerations — including concerns about animal welfare — can justify trade restrictions.
Reason and compassion
Longterm opposition to commercial seal hunting
„IFAW applauds the WTO for reiterating the importance of public morality in international trade, and the European Union for taking this principled stand against the inhumane slaughter of seals,“ said IFAW EU Regional Director Sonja Van Tichelen. „The ban is the result of decades of grassroots opposition to commercial seal hunting, and backed by the most rigorous scientific and socio-economic examination of commercial seal hunts around the world ever conducted. The positive recognition of animal welfare as a legitimate public morals concern affirms the relevance of the WTO in a changing world.“
Expression of public outrage
„IFAW will continue to work with the EU to make any necessary modifications to the legislation. IFAW’s in-depth knowledge of commercial sealing, and first-hand experience of documenting decades of commercial seal hunting, allowed us to contribute two Amicus Briefs for reference during the proceedings. Through our organizing efforts, we have also facilitated the expression of public outrage over the commercial seal hunt to the decision-makers who put this ban in place,“ continued Van Tichelen.
— Although the EU itself was a small market for seal products, the EU ban
on the trade of products has global influence and it has resulted in
declines of global demand for seal products.
— There are 34 countries which now ban the trade in seal products, most
recently Taiwan and most notably the 28 Member States of the EU, Russia,
Kazakhstan, Belarus, Croatia, Mexico, USA (Canada’s closest trading
partner) and Taiwan.
— Currently, more money is spent by governments in Canada on supporting
the commercial seal hunt than the landed value of seals.
— Over 98% of seals killed in the commercial hunt are between 2 weeks and
3 months of age.
— IFAW does not, and has never, campaigned against the Inuit hunt, or the
personal hunt of seals for food in Newfoundland.
Timeline of the EU Ban & WTO Challenge
— 1983 Europe bans importation of whitecoat harp seal and blueback hooded
— 2009 EU bans the import and sale of all seal products, with exemptions
for personal items, and seal products derived from Inuit and „Marine
Resource Management“ hunts.
— November 2, 2009 Canada and Norway launch WTO challenge against EU ban.
— August 20, 2010 EU ban comes into force.
— February 18-20, 2013, WTO panel hears arguments from Canada, Norway, and EU.
— November 25, 2013 WTO panel releases ruling; upholds the EU ban in
principle, saying it is justifiable on moral grounds, but criticizing
exceptions as being applied in a discriminatory way, requiring
— January 24, 2014 Canada and Norway announce that they will appeal the
WTO panel decision. The EU follows suit with a cross-appeal.
— March 17-19, 2014 WTO Appellate Body hears appeals from Canada, Norway, and the EU.
— May 22, 2014 WTO Appellate Body releases final decision.
Founded in 1969 to end the commercial seal hunt, IFAW now rescues and protects animals around the world. With projects in more than 40 countries, IFAW rescues individual animals, works to prevent cruelty to animals, and advocates for the protection of wildlife and habitats. For more information, visit www.ifaw.org. Follow „IFAW“ on Facebook and Twitter.
Fotocredit: © IFAW/S.Cook – CC-by-nc-nd